BACKGROUND ON DOT DRUG TESTING
Employers subject to Part 40 regulations should have a written Drug and Alcohol Testing policy in place. This policy can be part of a handbook, or a separate policy issued to employees. Policies vary on their detail about the testing procedures. However, Part 40 does seem to say that the policy must state that there are five classes of drugs that the tests screen for:
- Opiates – opium and codeine derivatives
- Amphetamines and methamphetamines
- Phencyclidine – PCP
CHANGES REQUIRED BY JANUARY 1, 2018
First, if your current policy contains specific sub-listings of drugs, you must make changes to your policy effective January 1, 2018. Employers have two options:
- Delete references to sub-categories. As an example, if a policy lists “Opiates (codeine, heroin, & morphine)” and/or “Amphetamines (amphetamine, methamphetamine, MDMA, MDA, MDEA),” then “Opiates” needs to change to “Opioids (codeine, heroin, morphine, oxycodone, oxymorphone, hydrocodone, hydromorphone)” and “MDEA” will need to be removed from the list under Amphetamines.
- Delete the sub-categories and only list the 5 main classes of drugs above.
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